Summer Symposium

4th Summer Symposium 2019

1st July – 5th July

The Several Rs of Trafficking: its Risks and Rewards

Risks and Rewards, Re-framing, Refugees, Rights, Religion, Race, Reporting, Recording, Revenues, Routes, Reduction, Recovery, Removal, Remedy, Relationships and our Responsibilities.

Register Now:

with Experts from Italy / Romania  / Spain  / Canada  / Sweden  / India  / Morocco/ Nigeria /  USA  / the United Kingdom/ Russia / Bangladesh/ Canada

Confirmed speakers  during  July 1st – 5th
@ Judge Business School

Markella Papadoulli – Aire Centre UK   Europe Litigation Coordinator, UK Solicitor and Greek qualified lawyer.

Rainer Franosch Stellvertretender Abteilungsleiter III (Statecraft, Gnadenwesen and Crime Prevention) Ministry of Justice Hessen GDR –
The prosecution of Cybercrime

Prof David Grant – Hanken University Finland.   The regulation of complex supply chains – what seems to be working.

Benjamin Greer – CSTI Criminal Justice / Homeland Security Division/Human Trafficking U.S. Attorney in Law. Controlling borders, restrictions and effective regulation.
Why illiberal regulation hurts everybody – safe migration, and legitimate work flows.


Dr Halleh Seddighzaddeh – Arman Centre a multidisciplinary mental health organization supported by a network of international. Responding to Trauma and Complex PTSD in the experience of victims of Human Trafficking

Professor Loraine Gelsthorpe   Professor of Criminology & Criminal Justice at the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge    RIGHTS and   REFUGEES

Kalyani Gopal PhD HSPP – Founder/President, SAFE Coalition for Human Rights and President Mid-America Psychological and Counselling Services. Measuring Harm and prescribing Recovery – reflections from a decade of intervention. RECOVERY

Dame Julie Okah-Donli – Director General Nigerian Agency for the Prosecution of Trafficking in Persons. NAPTIP Nigeria. Strategies which are being deployed in Nigeria

Professor Soulla Louca   Director, Blockchain Initiative, School of Business University of Nicosia.  Cyprus

Dietrich Roller PhD   IJM Director of Services Germany

Elisabetta Giovanni PhD   Professor of Social Anthropology and Cultural Studies   University of Palermo   REFUGEES and RACE

Revd Professor Isabel Phiri – World Council of Churches   Geneva

Esohe Aghatise   PhD – Lawyer and NGO President of a survivors network (Nigeria)

Professor Silvia Tabusca – Senior Lecturer, School of Law, Romanian-American University
Bucharest, Romania.

Tony Dunkerley    Director: Illustro Consultancy   Counter Trafficking Security Specialist

Neil Stott    Reader in Management Practice   Director of the Master of Studies in Social Innovation Programme Centre of Social Innovation   Judge Business School   University of Cambridge

Simon Stockley Phd  Reader in Management Practice.  Judge Business School  Director of CCARHT CIC,  formerly Trustee of HERA  Trafficking survivor network.

Teo Keipe   PhD   Research Associate   School of Management   University of Helsinki

Kerry Gibson President  EcoCentury Technologies, International Relations Adviser Migranet  Canada 

Professor Kristofer Allerfeldt   Department of History –   University of Exeter

Dr Ingeborg Krauss   Trauma Psychologist and European anti-prostitution advocate GDR.

Sarah Steele PhD   Deputy Director of the Intellectual Forum, Affiliated Researcher POLIS University of Cambridge
Removals and  REPRODUCTION

Dr Carole Murphy   Senior Lecturer Convenor of Counter Trafficking MA.  St Mary’s University  London

Professor Paulo Naso  Coordinatore di Mediterranean Hope – Programma Rifugiati e migranti della FCEI

Revd Carrie Pemberton Ford   PhD Executive Director of CCARHT cic, Affiliated Researcher the Centre for Global Migration  Institute of Criminology University of Cambridge 

Dr Neena Samota  Programme Director Criminology and Sociology
St Mary’s University London

Valeria Ragni  Anti Trafficking Advisor (International) Red Cross 


See our Faculty pages for bios of those bringing papers, field observations and their best thinking  this very special 5 day symposium.

This is the fourth in the series of five symposia building on the #2020 vision set out at the first CCARHT Summer Symposium in 2015.

This year we shall be welcoming scholars, professors, counter trafficking practitioners, policy makers, lawyers, business leaders, task force developers, and health professionals all passionate to play their part in dismantling the systems that sustain the offence of human trafficking, modern slavery and chattelage in our time.

The Several Rs of Trafficking will walk symposium participants through the range of risks and rewards which drive forward human trafficking, ensnaring its victims, incentivising its practitioners, and inexorably building its customers and clients across the globe.


Day One

The Risks and Rewards of Human Trafficking

an update on the current state of the economics, business models and prosecution rates in the UK, and affiliated source countries.

Presentation of arguments and fresh research on how to drive down the Rewards and heighten the risks of Trafficking for those who partake in this most vile and exploitative trade.

Chaired by Professor Simon Stockley  looking at the contribution of economic modelling and the shaping of  socially ‘deviant’ entrepreneurship,  alongside heightening the effectiveness of pursuit and prosecution with our invited experts.

Day Two 

Routes, Restrictions, Race and Rights

The law of the sea, U.S. border matters, global movements, the rise of  Nation State protectionism, safe routes, the right to migrate in safety.

Routes. Thousands of those in migration die at borders seeking passage to the next stage of their journey.  Thousands more are beaten, raped, tortured, half starved, intimidated, placed at enormous risk put in containers, incarcerated in lorries, vans, hidden in bunkers, half starved, dehydrated on their journeys. We shall be looking at the routes which are being deployed by traffickers and the intersectionality with smuggling and regular transport provision.  What does law enforcement know about these routes, how is technology being deployed in tracing the illicit movement of  people, and what can be done to mitigate the horrors of these dangerous and desperate journeys?
With the ongoing humanitarian disaster proceeding in Libya, and open state hostility faced by NGOs seeking to operate safety ships in the Mediterranean, we shall examine the Rights of the law of the Sea, and how this entitles the work which NGOs are seeking to undertake, as well as explore the ‘push – pull’ factors which some European politicians are arguing supports the closure of ports from receiving ‘mercy’ missions.

When does smuggling move into Trafficking criminality, when does the shift in descriptor become a matter of political maneuvring and the lexicon of nationalist protectionism? Are new routes emerging and what drives these? Who is doing what about the routes, and what do their trajectories tell us about the contemporary radical inequalities of our Global ‘village’.

Chaired by Dr Carrie Pemberton Ford

Film Evening with discussion. 8.00 – 10.00pm (included in week ticket)

Day Three 

Refugees, Registration, Reporting and Returns

With the numbers of those fleeing conflict and civil war, living unsettled lives in Internally displaced camps, and refugee camps outside their home countries, continuing to dominate segments of our global terrain, and with the average number of years for people staying in displacement outside of their ‘homelands’ rising to an estimated 17 years – it is clear that Refugees are a potent recruiting ground for Trafficking ‘messiahs’.  We shall be exploring with UN based humanitarian aid workers, policy makers and EU legislators on what needs to change to bring this area of heightened risk and vulnerability under control.

With missing persons internationally frequently failing to have robust reporting systems to support their safety, and many countries struggling with how to report trafficking incidents, and risks successfully,  we shall be looking at some of the best practice in reporting systems, and looking at the next generation of how this reporting can exploit further the power of social media and tech.

The hope and the fear, the risks and the opportunities of Return. Who decides, what needs to be in place for human rights to be respected and safeguarded, and what do the patterns of the last two decades tell us about safe Return and its requirements, and the right to be able to take residence in the country of exploitation for those who have been trafficked. Our lawyers and safe house specialists engage.

Chaired by Markella Papadoulli 

Day Four

Recruitment, Recovery, rEMEDY and Religion

Lover boy Recruitment, Eastern Europe in focus, the deployment of ancient rituals of ‘contract’ West Africa, Cyber recruitment into on – line porn – global, exploitation of vulnerabilities.

The long term nature of psychological and social recovery.

From the registering of ‘missing persons’ to ensuring that minors are located in migratory movements, and that those in IDPs and Refugee camps are registered and brought meaningful citizenship.

The deployment of a range of resources to counter trafficking, and the role  Religion now plays in both trafficking’s manifestation and interdiction.

Recovery  Recovering from the trauma of Human Trafficking is a long journey, requiring the participation of a battery of professionals: lawyers, psychotherapists, health specialists, business support, religious mediators,  embassy personnel, and the protective services.   There have been a number of tentative reports looking at the costs of trafficking recovery, which we shall explore as part of the day.  As countries are encouraged to develop more efficient referral mechanisms, we shall explore the cost impact to States as the requirement for reporting, and delivering quality services of support to full recovery of those who have endured trafficking in their territories is absorbed. What are the minimum standards for providing ‘support’ and ‘safe housing’ for those referred to Governments as having been trafficked, and how are these standards to be quality assured, and scaled across countries who are signatories to the Palermo Convention, or Council of Europe’s Action against Trafficking in Human Beings?

Whose responsibility is it to shoulder the lion’s share of recovery costs? the country of source, the country of destination,  who pays and for what duration?  We shall be looking at the costs accruing to Health Care provision, Psychological interventions, Legal Aid, housing, social support, retraining, and supporting into work.  Where trafficked survivors are returned to countries of source, we shall look at some of the arguments being deployed around sufficiency of protection, and the potential economics which is driving returns.

The outcomes of the two year European Union funded project, the Psychological Health Impacts of Trafficking in Human Beings (PHIT) undertaken by the Universities of Barcelona and Tubigen will constitute our afternoon’s study session on some of the new learning emerging around diagnosing and managing complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder,  empowering survivors and eliciting their voice through narrational interviewing; chaotic recall and ‘first interview’ challenges for survivors, police and home office officials;  validating survivors trafficking experience outside of the criminal processes of enforcement – ‘remediation’ and  the Dutch experiment.

Religion – the ‘opiate’ of the people – or the pro-biotic in the international body? We shall explore the deployment of trafficking by Daesh, the case studies of facilitation through diaspora connections  permeated by traffickers and the creed of ‘a better life’, the role of ‘raising community awareness’ pioneered in Religious communities and congregations across denominations, safe housing initiatives, as well as the potential organised Religion of all religious creeds, could play in community proofing their ‘faithful’ from the inhumane tactics and false promises of trafficking recruitment, and the depravity of consumption through chattelage.  We shall be looking at case studies  from the Waldensian church in Italy, the Cherubim and Seraphim in Nigeria, the Romanian Orthodox Church, the Religious Congregations working against Trafficking in Europe, the first decade of ecumenical response to Trafficking in the UK, and the challenges faced by secular governments as well as the opportunities in deploying Mosques, Churches, Synagogues and Temples in  work against Human Chattelage and Trafficking.

Evening Arts Event – with panel discussion  more information available for those purchasing tickets .  The Infusion Physical Theatre company present a bold fusion of contemporary dance and physical theatre  outlining the deception and coercive control of Lover Boy recruitment for those pimped into prostitution and the ongoing challenge of addressing demand. Limited tickets available for those not attending the symposium.

Chaired by Revd Dr Carrie Pemberton Ford 

Day Five

Removal (of Organs), Rape, (social) reproduction, Relationships, RESPONSIBILITY and Reparation

Part one Removal of Organs.  A precedent setting case brought against an Organ Trafficker in Israel is our point of departure for looking at the way in which Organs have been incorporated into the portfolio of concern around Human Trafficking.  With a low visible enforcement footprint, this day will be lifting the lid to examine what is currently known about the prevalence of Organ Trafficking.  We shall be calling on those who have been working on researching the phenomenon and developing awareness of how this crime has been surfacing in various countries, where the strict regulation of organs for transplantation has been subverted by  unscrupulous surgeons and recruiters.  We shall examine how legislation, professional formation, and technology can play their part to disrupt perpetrators who treat a person’s body as an entrepreneurial opportunity, a depository of replaceable machinery parts whose sole purpose is to bear the organs that may be harvested and sold.  Does opting out for organ donation make a difference? What lessons has Spain to teach the EU on its twenty five year experience in opt out?

Further challenges will be raised for how body parts  claimed to be deployed in certain Traditional Religious practices in parts of Africa, and crushed in the creation of Traditional Medicine marketed in Asia can be investigated and the extent of the practice appropriately assessed. What is the role of culture, technology, religion and legislation in suppressing such activity and closing down its transmission to the next generation.

The day will be supported by expert speakers, film, and key papers, to enable an informed enquiry as to how to raise the highly emotive, and where it is practiced exceeding dangerous subject of organ removals, in a proportionate and measured way.  We shall be welcoming speakers from  Romania, Nigeria, the Republic of South Africa, Germany and Spain to enlighten our discussions.

Co- Chaired by Professor Silvia Tabusca and Grahame Maxwell

Across the week – Thematic  Revenues and Remittances  Throughout the week we shall be looking at the Revenues which are being generated by Human Trafficking enterprises, the perverse entrepreneurial talent and organisational structures which underpin businesses developing their reach, expansion and control of this market in human misery.
Rights and Responsibilities folds in as another cross cutting thematic interest which will weave across the specific topics set for each day. We shall be asking ourselves the questions embedded in the UN Declaration of Human Rights (1948) which underpins all international actions responding to the challenge of Human Trafficking as defined in the Palermo Protocol 2000.

Welcome to our week – we look forward to welcoming you to participate with us in this vision enhancing, leadership equipping, research supported week of engagement on the several Rs of Human Trafficking, Modern Slavery and Chattelage.

  Early bird tickets released March 3rd 2019 until April 30th 2019 to encourage our international researchers, and early rising NGO professionals.

Initial conference brochure  and 
accommodation options in premium en-suite University College accommodation  will be through our Eventbrite pages. Accommodation is NOT covered in the ticket prices – which are designed to cover the immediate costs of hosting the conference.  Please arrange accommodation independently through the University at

or through

Some double sets – two singles together are available if booking with a colleague – most rooms are not at a very high standard commensurate with hotel accommodation in the city and at much improved prices. When booking bear in mind that the central colleges Queens, Newnham College, Pembroke College, Downing College, Emmanuel College, St Johns College,  Darwin College, Peterhouse, Christs College, Corpus Christi, Kings College are the colleges most proximate to our teaching venue.

Click the image below to register now.


Submit your abstract for consideration.

Any who believes their research is congruent with our schedule or aligned to the Several Rs of Trafficking, submit a 300 word synopsis, CV, and indicative publications aligned to the research are welcome to send us for consideration for publishing in our associated papers which will be brought together after the Symposium. June 15th 2019. 

Publication of those already accepted for presentation will be assisted into a peer-reviewed combined print and on-line journal curated by CCARHT.

Email all abstracts to Abstract for consideration in the Subject line.  Thank you and look forward to receiving your contributions. 

Gallery of the Third Symposium on Human Trafficking in 2018 and the Five Ts of Trafficking, held at Jesus College, University of Cambridge.

The Third CCARHT Summer Symposium in Cambridge UK

The 5 Ts of Human Trafficking:
Trauma, Transport, Terror,
Transparency and Tech.

Trafficking mitigation and social protection responses
2nd – 6th July 2018 

Jesus College
University of Cambridge

jesus college cambridge

The 2018 symposium represented a significant mobilisation of the  #2020MDSvision which CCARHT initiated in 2016 as a response to the call by the UN to implement the Sustainable Development Goals across academies and businesses to address this most heinous of human rights violations.  At the same time the 2016 CCARHT Cambridge Symposium embedded a day’s attention what ever the annual thematic, to address the call by the UK Government in the Modern Day Slavery Act 2015 supplementary on Transparency in the Supply Chains.  The TSC calls on all businesses domiciled in the UK with over £36 million annual turnover, to undertake  a Modern Slavery audit of their business practices and supply chains.  With the current passage through Westminster of the Transparency in the Supply Chains supplementary Bill, bringing into the ring of audit, Public Authorities, Local Government Authorities and Universities, the impact of the TSC could have long lasting and systemic based change.

Thus the scene was set for the 3rd CCARHT Summer Symposium, this year co-sponsored with Trilateral Research, and the Zovighian Partnership,  addressing the Five Ts of Trafficking.  The 3rd Cambridge CCARHT Symposium 2018, thought leadership through hard hitting, thoughtful and field researched conversation.

3rd CCARHT Summer Symposium    Jesus College Cambridge University.

The Five Ts of Trafficking: Trauma, Transport, Terror, Transparency and Tech.

Download the 2018 Brochure here   Symposium Brochure 

Mini White Papers for recommendations, and the publication of papers presented during the symposium coming soon.

symposium brochure

Day 4 of the CCARHT symposium 2018 –  Transparency under the lens, Paul Gerrard Head of Social Impact Programmes, Co-op  UK presenting the outcomes of the Co-op’s response to counter trafficking initiatives across its business portfolio.